THE THREE PRINCIPLES OF THE PAGAN FEDERATION (SCOTLAND)
The three principles of the Pagan Federation
(Scotland) are not intended to provide a doctrinally definitive Pagan creed.
They do provide a general outline of some key, mainstream, Pagan attitudes
and beliefs concerned with how we relate to the Earth, how we relate to other
living beings, and how we relate to the divine (our Goddesses or Gods or a
more abstract spirit of life). Each is open to a range of honourable and reasonable
i. "Love for and Kinship with Nature. Reverence
for the life force and its ever-renewing cycles of life and death."
The first principle of the Pagan Federation
emphasises the importance of love and respect for nature in Paganism. It recognises
that human beings are part of nature and that our lives are intimately interwoven
with the web of life and death.
ii. "A positive morality, in which the individual
is responsible for the discovery and development of their true nature in harmony
with the outer world and community. This is often expressed as "Do what you
will, as long as it harms none"."
The second principle of the Pagan Federation
puts forward a broadly humanistic approach to ethics which seeks to maximise
both individual freedom and personal responsibility. It recognises our place
as human beings within the web of life wherein everything we do, or refrain
from doing, has consequences for ourselves and for others. It encourages working
towards peaceful outcomes while acknowledging the legitimacy of both self-defence
and justice. This is compatible with all Pagan paths, and essential for a
tolerant, diverse and humane society. The Wiccan Rede is given as an illustrative,
but not definitive, example of this general approach to ethics - this does
not insist that we harm none under any or all circumstances. It does encourage
us to be aware of the context in which our actions operate, to consider the
probable consequences of the choices we make, to choose those which are reasonable
and proportionate in the circumstances and thus minimise such harm as cannot
be prevented, and take responsibility for our contribution, by either action
or inaction, to the outcome. Hard ethical decisions are not about whether
harm will happen, but about where it will fall.
iii. "Recognition of the Divine, which transcends
gender, acknowledging both the female and male aspect of Deity."
This principle encompasses a range of
Pagan understandings of divinity including, but not restricted to, pantheism,
all forms of polytheism including duotheism, Goddess-recognisant monotheism,
and animism. It requires us to acknowledge that where the divine is understood
as deity or deities having gender, it must include a Goddess or Goddesses
as well as a God or Gods. It also recognises that there are Pagan understandings
of divinity which cannot be thus categorised. Modern Paganism tends to approach
theology through a synergy of multiple understandings of the divine or Divinity
in the abstract, and modern Pagans tend to regard the honouring of the Gods,
of the divine as it is manifest within this living world, as of greater importance
than theological speculation as to its or their precise nature.